Exportanstieg auf tiefem Niveau

Nach dem rekordhohen Rückgang im zweiten Quartal stieg der Aussenhandel der Schweiz im dritten Quartal gegenüber dem Vorquartal wieder an. Die Exporte sind um 6.5 Prozent und die Importe sogar um 11.5 Prozent gewachsen.

Gegenüber dem Vorjahresquartal verzeichnen mit Ausnahme der landwirtschaftlichen Produkte sämtliche Warenarten ein Minus.  So erreichten die Exportumsätze im dritten Quartal erst das Quartalsniveau von vor drei Jahren. Bezogen auf die einzelnen Monate resultierte im Juli und August 2020 ein Plus. Hingegen nahmen die Ausfuhren im September wieder um 1.9 Prozent ab.¹

Die kumulierten Umsätze von Januar bis September liegen um 8.4 Prozent unter dem Vorjahreswert. Nur die chemisch-pharmazeutischen Produkte weisen eine Steigerung aus (2.6 Prozent). Besonders stark litten die Ausfuhren von Uhren (-28.3 Prozent), Fahrzeugen (-26.4 Prozent), Industriemaschinen (-17.9 Prozent) und Metallen (-14.2 Prozent).

Die Schweiz konnte im dritten Quartal in allen drei bedeutenden Wirtschaftsregionen mehr Güter absetzen. Am stärksten stiegen die Ausfuhren nach Asien (+16.9 Prozent). Der Absatz nach Nordamerika wuchs um 14.2 Prozent und die Exporte nach Europa erhöhten sich um 7.4 Prozent.

Kumuliert entwickelte sich die Exporte im laufenden Jahr sowohl nach Asien (-11.3 Prozent), Europa (-8.2 Prozent) als auch nach Nordamerika (-4.4 Prozent) rückläufig.

¹ Vorläufig sind auf Ebene der Kantone nur noch Jahreswerte verfügbar. Der Aussenhandel ist Ende Mai 2020 methodisch auf eine neue Basis gestellt worden.

Exporte Total

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Maschinen, Apparate, Elektronik

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Kunststoff

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Nahrungs- und Genussmittel

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