Exporte rückläufig

Die Exporte der Region St.Gallen-Appenzell sind im 4. Quartal 2018 gesunken. Das liegt insbesondere an den negativen Wachstumsraten in der Maschinen-, Elektro und Metallindustrie. Im gesamten Jahr 2018 sind die Exporte der Region aber um 3.1% gewachsen.

Im 4. Quartal 2018 sind die Exporte der Region St.Gallen-Appenzell nicht nur gegenüber dem Vorquartal (-0.6%), sondern auch gegenüber dem Vorjahresquartal gesunken (-0.4%). Das Jahreswachstum liegt mit 3.1% unter dem Landesdurchschnitt von 5.7%.

Im letzten Quartal des Jahres 2018 sind die Ausfuhren in die Euroländer um 5% gestiegen, während sie in den Rest der Welt um 5.7% geschrumpft sind. Auch im ganzen Jahr 2018 war es die Eurozone, welche zum Wachstum der Exporte beigetragen hat, der Rest der Welt orderte hingegen weniger Produkte aus der Region. Vor allem die Ausfuhren nach Asien liegen 5.3% unter dem Vorjahreswert.

Ländermässig betrachtet waren es im letzten Jahr insbesondere Singapur, Österreich, Grossbritannien, die USA und China, in welche weniger Produkte aus der Region St.Gallen-Appenzell geliefert werden konnten. Gestützt wurden die regionalen Exporte vorwiegend aus Deutschland, den Niederlanden, Belgien und Italien.

Sowohl aus dem Kanton St.Gallen (2.9%), aus Appenzell Innerrhoden (10.6%) als auch aus Appenzell Ausserrhoden (4.4%) wurden im letzten Jahr mehr Güter ins Ausland geliefert als im Vorjahr. Mit Ausnahme der Regionen Rorschach, Wil und Werdenberg konnten sämtliche Regionen ihre Exporte steigern.

Von den Schwergewichten im Exportportfolio der Region St.Gallen-Appenzell entwickelten sich im Jahr 2018 die Warengruppe Präzisionsinstrumente (+27%) besonders erfreulich, aber auch die Kunststoffe (+9.5%), die Textilien (+9.4%) sowie die Chemie / Pharma (+6.2%) legten kräftig zu. Am anderen Ende der Skale stehen die Fahrzeuge (-21.1%), die Nahrungs- und Genussmittel (-1.7%) sowie die Maschinenindustrie (-1.2%).

Exporte Total

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Maschinen, Apparate, Elektronik

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Kunststoff

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Nahrungs- und Genussmittel

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