Exportwachstum schwächt sich ab

Die Exporte der Region St.Gallen-Appenzell sind im 3. Quartal 2018 gegenüber dem Vorquartal gesunken. Das liegt insbesondere an den negativen Wachstumsraten in der Maschinen- und Metallindustrie. Im bisherigen Jahresverlauf sind die Ausfuhren um ansehnliche 4.2% gewachsen.

Erstmals seit einem Jahr sind die Exporte der Region St.Gallen-Appenzell gegenüber dem Vorquartal gesunken (-4.1%). Damit lagen sie allerdings noch immer 3.4% über dem Stand des Vorjahresquartals und erreichen in den ersten neun Monaten des Jahres ein Wachstum von 4.2%.

Ein deutliche Temporeduktion zeigt sich bei den Ausfuhren in die Eurozone. Im Vergleich zum Vorquartal sanken sie im 3. Quartal um 4.7%. Von Januar bis September beschleunigten sich die Exporte in den Euroraum trotz der aktuellen Abkühlung um 9.7%. Eine Wende setzte in den Ländern der Nicht-Euro-Zone ein, legten die Exporte doch im 3. Quartal um 3.3% zu, während sie im Jahresverlauf um rund 1% geschrumpft sind.

Ländermässig betrachtet sind es insbesondere China, die USA und Indien, welche im 3. Quartal ein starkes Wachstum ausweisen, während sich bei den Exporten nach Frankreich, Japan und Deutschland Bremsspuren zeigen.

Sowohl aus dem Kanton St.Gallen (4%), aus Appenzell Innerrhoden (12.7%) als auch aus Appenzell Ausserrhoden (5.8%) wurden in den ersten neun Monaten 2018 mehr Güter ins Ausland geliefert als im Vorjahr. Mit Ausnahme der Regionen Rorschach und Wil konnten sämtliche Regionen ihre Exporte steigern.

Von den sechs Schwergewichte im Exportportfolio der Region St.Gallen-Appenzell entwickelten sich im 3. Quartal die vier Warengruppen Chemie / Pharma, Präzisionsinstrumente, Nahrungs- und Genussmittel sowie die Elektroindustrie / Elektronik erfreulich. Hingegen weisen die Maschinen- / Fahrzeug- und die Metallindustrie ein Minus aus.

Exporte Total

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Maschinen, Apparate, Elektronik

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Kunststoff

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Nahrungs- und Genussmittel

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